Classic Case - CIA to 1961

CIA to 1961


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  • Product Description

    This case traces the organizational history of the Central Intelligence Agency from its establishment after World War II to its role in the Bay of Pigs invasion. It outlines key factors that served to shape the CIA's institutional identity and point of view, paying particular attention to the development and operational effect of the split in the agency between intelligence gathering and covert operations. The case also briefly examines CIA Director Allen Dulles' gospel of compartmentalization-information tightly restricted by "the need to know"--which became standard operating procedure within the agency. This case was designed for use in tandem with Kennedy and the Bay of Pigs (C14-80-279.0) as an exercise in "organizational placement." This method attempts to identify an organization's viewpoint by arraying publicized "events" in an agency's history and less publicized details of structure and procedure on a time line. This chronology of the organization's development can then be used to understand what shapes the incentives and routines of its personnel.

  • Other Details

    Publication Date: January 1, 1980
    Teaching Plan: Available with Educator Access
    HKS Case Number: 280.0
    Case Author: Joshua L. Rosenbloom
    Faculty Lead: Melanie Billings-Yun and Ernest R. May
    Pages (incl. exhibits): 27
    Setting: United States
    Language: English
    Funding Source: National Endowment for the Humanities
    _year: Older than 2000
    _pages: 25+
    _geography: US & Canada
  • Warranty Information

    /review/280.0.EducatorCopy.pdf, /teachingplan/280_2.pdf