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Abstract: This epilogue accompanies HKS Case 2186.0. Jennifer Musisi, a career civil servant most recently with the Uganda Revenue Authority, was appointed by President Museveni as executive director (equivalent to city manager) of a new governing body for Uganda’s capital, the Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA). Previously, power in Kampala had been held by an elected body, the Kampala City Council (KCC), dominated by opposition politicians and notorious for corruption, poor service delivery, and inadequate tax and revenue collections. As head of the new KCCA, a quasi-corporate authority now under central government, Musisi’s job was to change all that, and quickly, by fighting corruption and modernizing (thereby increasing) tax and revenue collections. She had to decide which municipal fees or taxes would recoup the greatest revenues for maximum impact on her city-improvement agenda of better roads, clean streets and markets, modern drainage and lighting, and more.
The case describes an extremely difficult, often dangerous situation in a fast-growing African capital city, and a leader determined to make Kampala the model city she believed it could be. How did Musisi even begin? What was the best strategy for raising own-source revenue (OSR)? How did she navigate the politics—both ways, that is, with opposition city politicians who cultivate the poor, and also with President Museveni and his governing NRM party?
How to improve a process, define conditions necessary to begin, and determine appropriate sequencing. What taxes or fees should be prioritized, and why?
Which will produce the highest returns, and which are merely nuisances, too time-consuming, or politically hazardous to consider?
Diagnosing resistance and immunity to change, and trying to overcome it.
How do you motivate and educate citizens to pay fees and taxes?
Leading change in treacherous terrain; managing the pace of change, how it is communicated, clarifying overall strategic direction, and making tactical adjustments as needed.
Do you target one sector or many sectors? Do you decide based on opportunism (what’s easy and available), or by using more strategic thinking (something that may be difficult but transformative).